The rice is mostly cultivated along the banks of the Kaveri in the cities of Ariyalur, Trichy, Madurai and its mouth. The variety is rich in calories with up to 5 kcal per particle of rice. The company Ponni and Sona Mera are the biggest customers of the product rice. Ponni rice could be cultivated in any land, with high-quality water, but best grown in Tamil Nadu in the Kaveri water. The rice(finished product, after being thrashed and winnowed of ‘chaff’) is exported to some parts of Europe, North, east and west Asia and Africa and the Middle East but a large amount is distributed to Southeastern Asia, Papua New Guinea, and Australia. The rice is also suitable for the diabetic in some varieties and easily can be digested by the stomach.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world’s human population, especially in Asia.
Since sizable portions of sugarcane and maize crops are used for purposes other than human consumption, rice is the most important grain with regard to human nutrition and caloric intake, providing more than one-fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans.There are many varieties of rice and culinary preferences